This Is Appendix 128 From The Companion Bible

The Synonymous Words Used for "Sin", "Wickedness", "Evil", "Ungodliness", "Disobedience", "Transgression", etc.

by E.W. Bullinger

  1.  SIN.
    1. The Verb.
      hamartano = to miss the mark of aim; then, to miss or wander from the right path; to go, or do wrong.
    2. The Noun.
    1. harmartia = a failing to hit the mark; aberration from prescribed law (connected with and resulting from the above). In New Testament always in a moral sense = a sin, whether by omission or commission, in thought, word or deed. Also used in connection with the sin-offering (Hebrews 10:6, 8, 18; 13:11, as in Psalm 40:6, compare Leviticus 5:8).
    2. harmartema = the actual sin. The evil principle in action; the sinful act or deed.
    3. paratoma = a falling aside, when one should have stood upright. Hence (morally) a fall, a falling aside, from truth and equity; a fault, or trespass.

       In Romans 5:12, Number 1 entered the world. The disobedience of Adam (verses 15,17,18) was Number 3, and the law entered that Number 3 which before was error, might become criminal in the knowledge of the sinner. After this, where Number 1 abounded, grace did much more abound.

    1. poneria = depravity; iniquity, the wicked acting of the evil nature. See Number III. 1. below.
    2. kakia = depravity, the vicious disposition and desires, rather than the active exercise of them, which is Number 1 (poneria).
  3.  EVIL (Adj. and Noun).
    1. poneros = full of labours and pains in working mischief; evil intent (Matthew 12:39. Luke 11:29); grudging, in connection with the idea expressed in the "evil eye" (Matthew 6:23; 20:15. See the context, and compare Luke 11:13).
    2. kakos = depraved, bad in nature. Compare Number II. 2.
    3. anomos = lawless, contempt of law.
    4. anomia = lawlessness.
    5. athesmos = breaking through all restraints of ordinances of institutes, divine or human to gratify one's lusts. Occurs only in 2 Peter 2:7; 3:17.
    asebeia = impiety, absence of "the fear of God", having no reverence for sacred things; irreligious. Septuagint for pasha'. Appendix 44. ix.
    1. apeitheia = unwillingness to be persuaded, leading to obstinacy.
    2. parakoe = unwillingness to hear, disobedient.
    1. parabaino = to step on one side, overstep, go aside from, violate, transgress.
    2. parerchomai = to go past, pass by, neglect.
    3. parabates, = one who steps aside, or oversteps.
    1. adikia = unrighteousness, wrongdoing.
    2. adikema = a wrong done.
    3. paranomia = acting contrary to law or custom. Occ. only in 2 Peter 2:16.
  8.  ERR, ERROR.
    1. planao = to cause to wander or go astray; used of doctrinal error and religious deceit. Compare planos (1 Timothy 4:1, "seducing").
    2. apoplanao. = Number 1 with apo = away from, prefixed (Appendix 104. iv). In Pass., to go astray from, swerve. Occ. only in Mark 13:22 and 1 Timothy 6:10.
    3. astocheo = to deviate from. Occ. only in 1 Timothy 1:6; 6:21. 2 Timothy 2:18.
  9.   FAULT.
    hettema = a diminishing of that which should have been rendered in full measure; diminution, decrease. Occ. in Romans 11:12 and 1 Corinthians 6:7.
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